Visiting the top tourist attractions in York is probably the greatest itinerary decision when tourism in England is centered on cultural sightseeing. This city has a very rich heritage which serves as an important arena for important political events in England throughout 2000 years of its existence. York was founded by Romans during 71 AD, and once called Eboracum which soon became the capital of the Roman province of Britannia Inferior (territories outside London).
During the medieval times it became a commercial and ecclesiastical center, the ideal place for wool industry and the Anglican Church to thrive. It is interesting to note that New York City’s namesake was taken from the victorious Duke of York who took the island of New Amsterdam from the Dutch.
1. National Railway Museum
The National Railway Museum is one of the most popular, if not the most popular, of the top tourist attractions in York. It is the city’s only recognized National Museum after winning many accolades from various tourism authorities. From the earliest steam trams to the latest Japanese bullet trains, this museum features the entire glorious transition of the railway system all over the world. Most importantly, visitation is free and no entrance fee is required.
2. York City Walls
The York City Walls have existed throughout the span of two millennia ever since the Romans built this 2-mile length coverage fortification. Of all the ancient walls in United Kingdom, only in York can one find excellent preservation that has even kept the gateway in good condition. The York City Walls have been under the care of three important periods in Britain’s ancient history – Roman, Viking and Medieval times.
3. The Shambles
The Shambles is one of the most interesting districts in York. Passing through this street let’s one experience what it’s like to travel back in late medieval times and recognize the face of urbanization in that area. The Shambles was once lined with butcher shops and wet market stalls – an unpleasant venue to visit. Now it is one of England’s most popular shopping streets due to its stark historical atmosphere.
4. The Jorvik Viking Center
As mentioned before, York has a deep history with its Viking conquerors. Anyone interested to study and investigate further this part of United Kingdom’s ancient history should preferably visit the Jorvik Viking Center. This museum is named after one of the Viking kingdoms in York. The Viking Festival is held every second week of February, where one can experience combat reenactments in a form of a fencing tournament with volunteers as the main participants.
5. Merchant Adventure’s Hall
The Merchant Adventure’s Hall is among the top tourist attractions in York that symbolizes how powerful middle class commoners can be during medieval times. It was built in 1357 by a group of individuals known as Guild of Our Lord Jesus and the Virgin Mary. This merchant guild house also has a basement cellar serving as the alms storage for the poor.